Seasonal activities: Winter
(mid December through mid March
- Sucker removal. Remove suckers arising from the base of the tree.
- Tree shaping. Prune to desired tree height. Remove bent or broken branches
- Nutrient management. Apply (either in fall or winter) 0.2-0.4 kg N per tree per year. On light soils, apply half in winter and half in spring.
- Irrigation. Little or no irrigation during winter may be needed.
- Propagation. Take cuttings for propagation
- Problems and Opportunities
- Crop calendar
- Market Information (All Crops)
- Photo Gallery
Pomegranate originated in Afghanistan and Iran, and remains one of the most popular home orchard crops. It is commercially valued both domestically and as the main fruit exported to Pakistan, Russia and other Arabic countries. Pomegranate is a low input/high output crop and is very adaptable, tolerating poor soil, limited irrigation, pests, and minimal pruning.
- Priority Problems for Afghanistan Pomegranates include: fruit splitting, pollination, training & pruning, IPM for pomegranates.
- Priority Opportunities include improved harvesting techniques to prevent fruit splitting, and improved grading and sorting practices.
These draft priority problems are based on feedback from Afghanistan based on discussions with agricultural consultants, Afghan specialists, Muhammad Aziz Saeedi (PHDC-Jalalabad/ANHDO), agricultural experts at Kandahar University, Kandahar DAIL, and Tom Brown.
- Crop Overview Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
- Pomegranates Checklist Fact Sheet (Paul Sommers)
- Status of Pomegranate Production in Afghanistan (Dr Samadi, Kabul University) as a PDF
- Pomegranate Production by Province Interactive Map (UC Davis)
- Cultivated Area by Province Interactive Map (UC Davis)
- Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
- Variety Options (UC Davis)
- For certified sapling contact PHDP (Perennial Horticulture Development Project)
- PHDP Varietal Selection and Production English (excerpt), دری (Dari) (9.9 MB) and پشتو (Pashto) (9.8 MB) (ANNGO Catalog 2013, PHDP/EU)
- National Nursery Growers' Association Locations and Contacts PDF (ANNGO Catalog 2013, PHDP/EU)
- Establishing Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
- Intercropping Fact sheet (UC Davis)
- Training and Pruning Fact Sheet English and (Dari) دری (UC Davis)
- General Pruning Manual پشتو (Pashto)
- Irrigation of Perennial Crops (3.4 MB) (Roots of Peace)
- Principals of Irrigation of Trees and Vines PPT as PDF (2.8MB) and (Dari) دری (4.6 MB) (UC Davis)
- Drip Irrigation (11.7MB) (IDE)
- See Pest Identification Cards and general Pest Management Page
- Nursery Weed Management Fact Sheet English and (Dari) دری (UC Davis for Roots of Peace)
Improved cultural practices can help prevent fruit splitting. Pick fruits at optimal timing: when fully ripe they should make a metallic sound when tapped. The ripe fruit should be carefully selected and picked by hand and not pulled from the tree. Grade according to quality and keep different qualities separate.
- 10 Principles of Postharvest Management Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
- Principles of GAP (Good Agricultural Practices) Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
- Postharvest Options (1.3 MB) (Ludhiana University, India)
- Maintaining Quality of Pomegranates PPT as PDF (4.2 MB) (UC Davis)
- Example of Standards (Fresh Spec)
- General Postharvest Page