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Seasonal activities: Spring

(mid March through mid June)

  • Sucker removal. Remove suckers arising from the base of the tree.
  • Planting. Plant bare root year old saplings (grown from hardwood cuttings)
  • Irrigation. For best production, irrigate regularly (apply about 7-10 cm water every 1-2 weeks). The most critical period is during heat spells.

Fruit thinning. Fruit trees two to three weeks after bloom, if needed to avoid small-sized fruit of poor quality.


pomegranate fruit (8).jpg


Problems and Opportunities

  • Priority Problems for Afghanistan Pomegranates include: fruit splitting, pollination, training & pruning, and IPM for pomegranates: fruit borer, carob moth (main pest in Kandahar), aphids, fruit fly (main problem in Khogyani district in Nangarhar province), mites.

These draft priority problems are based on feedback from Afghanistan based on discussions with agricultural consultants, Afghan specialists, Muhammad Aziz SAEEDI (PHDC-Jalalabad/ANHDO), and Tom Brown.


  • Crop Overview Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
  • Pomegranates Checklist Fact Sheet (Paul Sommers)
  • Status of Pomegranate Production in Afghanistan PPT as a PDF (Dr Samadi, Kabul University) 
  • Pomegranate Production by Province Interactive Map (UC Davis)

Crop calendar


  • Full Production Manual English (1 MB) Dari (1 MB), and Pashto (1 MB) (UC Davis)

  • Quality and Productivity Improvement Manual English (4.2 MB) and Pashto (3.9 MB) (RONNA)

  • Variety Options Fact Sheet (UC Davis)  
  • Planting
    • Training and Pruning Fact Sheet English and Dari (UC Davis) 
    • Irrigation
      • Irrigation of Perennial Crops Manual (3.4 MB) (Roots of Peace)
      • Principals of Irrigation of Trees and Vines PPT as PDF English (2.8MB) and Dari (4.6 MB) (UC Davis)
      • Drip Irrigation Manual (11.7MB) (IDE)

    Pest Management


      • 10 Principles of Postharvest Management Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
      • Principles of GAP (Good Agricultural Practices) Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
      • Postharvest Options PPT as PDF (1.3 MB) (Ludhiana University, India)
      • Maintaining Quality of Pomegranates PPT as PDF (4.2 MB) (UC Davis)
      • Example of Standards Fact Sheet (Fresh Spec)

      Market Information (All Crops)

      Gallery Photos    


      Global Hort KB - Pomegranate