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Poultry مرغداری

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poultry

 

Poultry are a common household animal and an often undervalued source of nutrition and income. Poultry are often raised by women and children.

Problems and Opportunities

  • Priority problems of poultry production in Afghanistan are disease (especially Newcastle Disease), lack of housing (which means birds are lost to predators and bird health is difficult to monitor) and adequate nutrition.
  • Priority opportunities are vaccinate chickens against disease (especially Newcastle Disease), provide housing, improve practices for introducing new birds (isolate for two weeks) and improve nutrition. Note: Once Newcastle Disease is better managed, other diseases such as coccidiosis, infectious bursal disease, and ectoparasites (such as mites) will become the next major limitations.

Overview

  • Genetic Resource Status in Country Report (1.4 MB) (FAO)
  • Afghanistan National Livestock Census 2006 Report (11 MB) (FAO)
  • School curriculum Manual (7.7.MB) (UC Davis)

Production

  • Village level
    • Small Scale Production - Key Considerations Fact Sheet (UC DavisAfghan Poultry Distribution 1998 AIMS)
    • Assessment and Planning Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
    • Raising Chicks Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
    • Managing Laying Hens and Eggs for Hatching Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
    • Village Poultry Management Manual (4.6 MB) (ACIAR) Manual (FAO)
  • Commercial
    • Broiler (chickens raised specifically for meat) Care Practices Manual (UC Davis)
    • Laying Hens Care Practices Manual  (UC Davis)

Diseases and Disease prevention

  • Always be cautious around sick animals as some diseases can be spread to humans by touching.
  • Disease prevention
  • Specific diseases
  • Diseases Manual (1.4 MB) (GLCRSP Manual for Africa, applicable to Afghanistan)

The following are from the Illustrated Manual of Infectious Diseases of Livestock In Afghanistan (Fort Valley State University):

 Market Information (All Crops and Livestock)