Pomegranate انار

Seasonal activities: Winter

(mid December through mid March)

  • Sucker removal. Remove suckers arising from the base of the tree.
  • Tree shaping. Prune to desired tree height. Remove bent or broken branches.
  • Nutrient management. Apply (either in fall or winter) 0.2-0.4 kg N per tree per year. On light soils, apply half in winter and half in spring.
  • Irrigation. Little or no irrigation during winter may be needed.
  • Propagation. Take cuttings for propagation

Problems and Opportunities

  • Priority problems for Afghanistan Pomegranates include: fruit splitting, pollination, training & pruning, and IPM for pomegranates.
  • Priority opportunities include improved harvesting techniques to prevent fruit splitting, and improved grading and sorting practices.
  • These draft priority problems are based on feedback from Afghanistan based on discussions with agricultural consultants, Afghan specialists, Muhammad Aziz Saeedi (PHDC-Jalalabad/ANHDO), agricultural experts at Kandahar University, Kandahar DAIL, and Tom Brown.

Overview

Crop Calendar

Production

    • For certified sapling contact PHDP (Perennial Horticulture Development Project)
    • PHDP Varietal Selection and Production English (excerpt), دری (Dari) (9.9 MB) and پشتو (Pashto) (9.8 MB) (ANNGO Catalog 2013, PHDP/EU)
    • National Nursery Growers' Association Locations and Contacts PDF (ANNGO Catalog 2013, PHDP/EU)
  • Planting

    Pest Management for Pomegranate

    Postharvest

    • Improved cultural practices can help prevent fruit splitting. Pick fruits at optimal timing: when fully ripe they should make a metallic sound when tapped. The ripe fruit should be carefully selected and picked by hand and not pulled from the tree. Grade according to quality and keep different qualities separate.
    • 10 Principles of Postharvest Management Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
    • Principles of GAP (Good Agricultural Practices) Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
    • Postharvest Options PPT as PDF (1.3 MB) (Ludhiana University, India)
    • Maintaining Quality of Pomegranates PPT as PDF (4.2 MB) (UC Davis)
    • Example of Standards Fact Sheet (Fresh Spec)
    • General Postharvest Page
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    Provinces

    Ghor

    Ghazni

    Faryab

    Farah

    Daikundy

    Bamyan

    Balkh

    Baghlan

    Badghis

    Badakhshan

    Zabul

    Wardak

    Uruzgan

    Takhar

    Sar-e-Pul

    Samangan

    Parwan

    Panjshir

    Paktya

    Paktika

    Nuristan

    Nimroz

    Nangarhar

    Logar

    Laghman

    Kunduz

    Kunar

    Khost

    Kapisa

    Kandahar

    Kabul

    Jawzjan

    Herat

    Helmand