Almonds بادام

Seasonal activities: Winter

(mid December through mid March)

  • Remove and destroy old nuts on trees and on ground to reduce overwintering navel orangeworms.
  • Spray trees with dormant oil to kill peach twig borer, San Jose scale, and mite eggs.

Problems and Opportunities

  • Priority problems for Afghanistan almonds include: nursery production of more consistent true-to type trees (i.e., similar trees producing more and better nuts), training & pruning, pollination, and IPM for almonds: European red mite, fruit tree leaf roller, San Jose scale, tree borers, bacterial canker, brown rot blossom blight, shot hole disease.
  • Priority opportunities include production of more soft shelled varieties like Satar Bai, which routinely sell well at the farm gate. There is also a need for certified varieties from approved nursery sales (such as PHDP).
  • These draft problems and opportunities are based on feedback from Tom Brown, agricultural consultants, and Afghan specialists.

Overview

Crop Calendar

Production

  • Production Manual Pashto (1 MB) (UC Davis)
  • Variety selection
    • Afghan Almonds Manual (3.4 MB) (Roots of Peace)
      • For certified sapling contact PHDP (Perennial Horticulture Development Project)
      • PHDP Varietal Selection and Production, Almond Excerpt English, (full) دری (Dari) (9.9 MB) and پشتو (Pashto) (9.8 MB) (ANNGO Catalog 2013, PHDP/EU)
      • National Nursery Growers' Association Locations and Contacts PDF (ANNGO Catalog 2013, PHDP/EU)

      Pest Management for Almonds

      Nusery Management for Almonds

      Postharvest

      • Harvesting Video (UC Davis for Roots of Peace)
      • 10 Principles of Postharvest Management Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
      • Principles of GAP (Good Agricultural Practices) Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
      • Almond Marketing Manual English (UC Davis for Roots of Peace)
      • General Postharvest Page
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      Provinces

      Ghor

      Ghazni

      Faryab

      Farah

      Daikundy

      Bamyan

      Balkh

      Baghlan

      Badghis

      Badakhshan

      Zabul

      Wardak

      Uruzgan

      Takhar

      Sar-e-Pul

      Samangan

      Parwan

      Panjshir

      Paktya

      Paktika

      Nuristan

      Nimroz

      Nangarhar

      Logar

      Laghman

      Kunduz

      Kunar

      Khost

      Kapisa

      Kandahar

      Kabul

      Jawzjan

      Herat

      Helmand