Chickpea نخود

Seasonal activities: Winter

(mid December through mid March)

  • Chickpea is a major legume crop grown predominantly in northeast and central provinces, including Takhar, Kunduz, Herat, Basakhshan, Mazar-Sarif, Smangan, Bamiyan, Baghlan, Kapista, Wardal, Ghazni and Zabol provinces, usually by rainfed irrigation systems. Two major types of chickpea exist in Afghanistan: kabuli, a lighter-colored large seed, and desi, which is smaller and darker with a rough coat.

Problems and Opportunities

  • Priority problems include aphids, weed control (poor access to herbicides and poor mechanical control practices), fungal diseases including ascochytarabiei, fusarium, and safidak kazip (local name; scientific name unknown), lack of access to resistant varieties or effective fungicides, and poor storage practices (too dry decreases germination rate, too wet rots).
  • Priority opportunities include training in best storage practices (moisture 10-13%, clean and pest-proofed), improved seed access to inputs such as effective pesticides and improved varieties, and training in mechanical weed control/prevention practices.

Production

  • Improved Agricultural Techniques and Natural Resource Management Course Module: Chickpea Manual Dari (People in Need)
  • Introduction to Chickpea Production Manual پشتو (Pashto) (3.2 MB) (Faculty of Agriculture, Kabul University)
usda

Provinces

Ghor

Ghazni

Faryab

Farah

Daikundy

Bamyan

Balkh

Baghlan

Badghis

Badakhshan

Zabul

Wardak

Uruzgan

Takhar

Sar-e-Pul

Samangan

Parwan

Panjshir

Paktya

Paktika

Nuristan

Nimroz

Nangarhar

Logar

Laghman

Kunduz

Kunar

Khost

Kapisa

Kandahar

Kabul

Jawzjan

Herat

Helmand