Postharvest بعد از رفع حاصل

Crop-specific postharvest recommendations may be found on crop-specific pages. Postharvest losses are a major issue, particularly handling and storage methods.

Content

Problems and Opportunities

  • Priority problems include a lack of awareness by many small scale farmers about postharvest activities such harvesting, handling, storage, processing, packaging, transportation and marketing, on-farm causes of loss,causes of loss after harvest, low atmospheric humidity and physical injury. Such injury often results from careless handling, causing internal bruising, splitting and skin breaks, thus rapidly increasing water loss.
  • Priority opportunities a wide range of post-harvest technologies can be adopted to improve losses throughout the process of pre-harvest, harvest, cooling, temporary storage, transport, handling and market distribution. Recommended technologies vary depending on the type of loss experienced. However, all interventions must meet the principle of cost-effectiveness, especially for small scale farmers.
  • These draft priority problems are based on feedback from Afghan specialists at Kabul University Horticulture Department, including Professor Samadi.

Overview

Cold Chain

  • Maintaining the Cold Chain Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
  • Strengthening the Cold Chain Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
  • Cold Rooms - Small Scale Manual (1.8MB) (UC Davis)
  • Cool Storage for Potatoes Manual English and (Dari) دری (UC Davis and CRS)
  • Improved Underground Storage for Vegetables Video</strong>

Value Chain

  • Simple Value Chain Analysis Fact Sheet (UC Davis)
  • How to Use a Color Chart to Increase Market Value Video (UC Davis)

Preservation and Value-Added

Export Standards

  • Pakistan and United Arab Emirates Codex of Maximum Allowable Pesticide Residue Levels (FAO)
  • Country Specific Export Standards for Primary Target Markets (Link to NW Hort Council):
    • China, India, Pakistan, Russia, United Arab Emirates
    • Although links are to the NW Horticultural Council, the import standards listed apply to all countries intending to export to the target market.
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Provinces

Ghor

Ghazni

Faryab

Farah

Daikundy

Bamyan

Balkh

Baghlan

Badghis

Badakhshan

Zabul

Wardak

Uruzgan

Takhar

Sar-e-Pul

Samangan

Parwan

Panjshir

Paktya

Paktika

Nuristan

Nimroz

Nangarhar

Logar

Laghman

Kunduz

Kunar

Khost

Kapisa

Kandahar

Kabul

Jawzjan

Herat

Helmand